The Lisbon Treaty: Implications for the United States

by Helena Varnavas November 3 2009, 01:31
The Lisbon Treaty is expected to be ratified by the end of 2009 and go into effect January 1, 2010. If the Treaty is ratified as expected, it is sure to affect the United States’ place on the global stage by strengthening Europe’s economic and political weight. The Obama administration is enthusiastic about this European integration effort, but many U.S. experts fear that a more unified EU could complicate efforts for European support in U.S. initiatives. This article discusses the current European Union government, how the EU government will change if the Treaty is ratified and the potential implications for the United States.


Should Cheerleading be a Sport?

by Helena Varnavas September 21 2009, 09:35
I. Introduction

There is an ongoing debate among the media and cheer world as to whether or not cheerleading should be recognized as a sport under Title IX.[1] A recent poll found that 60% of people thought cheerleading was a sport, while 35% did not.[2] Cheerleaders sometimes argue for this classification because “it takes just as much dedication and skill as any other sport.”[3] Opponents argue that because the primary function of cheerleading is not competition, it does not meet the qualifications of a sport.[4] The answer to this debate depends on your definition of a sport.[5] The NCAA, the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) and the Women’s Sports Foundation (WSF) all have their own definition of “sport” that a competitive cheerleading squad could possibly qualify under.[6]The question also brings up other issues that would need to be addressed. Cheerleading is an estimated half-billion dollar industry,[7] and an underlying problem to solving this debate stems from national for-profit cheerleading associations that would prefer cheerleading to remain an “athletic activity” for financially-based reasons.[8] There is also speculation of educational institutions upgrading cheer squads to varsity status in order to save money off of traditionally more expensive women’s sports.[9] Cheerleading’s classification as a sport under Title IX may also influence courts’ decisions regarding liability issues arising from cheerleading injuries.[10] This paper will discuss whether or not cheerleading should be sport and why it depends on if you are in favor of more regulated competitive cheerleading program governed by educational institutions or a less competitive self-regulated cheerleading program. [More]



Zoning and Regulation of Detroit’s Adult Entertainment Businesses: Has it gone too far?

by Helena Varnavas November 19 2008, 12:06
I. Background

Detroit has been working hard to revive the city and bring residential growth to the downtown area. [1] Millions of dollars have gone into renovating historic buildings, creating new public transportation, reviving the riverfront and building residential lofts in the Central Business District area. [2] Detroit wants to prove that, “the growing population can support and sustain retail and grocery development,” for its current and future residents. [3] New casinos and stadiums have also enhanced the city’s cultural atmosphere while attracting a wave of young professionals. [4] Issues will arise, however, when the city tries to achieve this vision of a “better Detroit” by imposing ordinances and regulations on businesses that it deems problematic to their ideal. In particular, the city of Detroit has targeted the adult entertainment business as an industry they would like to see zoned out.



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