Francis A. Boyle

Professor

EDUCATION
 
University of Chicago, A.B. (1971) in Political Science.  One of seven students in my entering Class of 1972  elected to Phi Beta Kappa as a Junior; winner as a Junior of the Sigma Xi Certificate of Merit and Prize for Excellence in Undergraduate Scientific Research in Biology for 1971 for The Differential Effects of Three Simulated Systems of Inbreeding on the Frequency of the tw Allele in Wild Populations of Mus Musculus on nomination of Richard C. Lewontin; graduated in three years.
 
Harvard Law School, J.D. Magna Cum Laude (1976).   Third year paper designated "Honor Paper" by Richard R. Baxter, and deposited in H.L.S. Library.  A+'s in Federal Income Taxation (Stanley Surrey), Soviet Economic Law and Law of Foreign Trade (Harold Berman), United Nations Law (Louis Sohn), Sociology of Law (Lon Fuller), and Jurisprudence (Roberto Unger).
 
Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Government, A.M. (1978) and Ph.D. (1983) in Political Science.  Awarded full Harvard Fellowship for all years of residence.  Offered Russian History (Edward Keenan), Soviet Politics (Adam Ulam), Modern Political Philosophy (Judith Shklar), and International Relations (Stanley Hoffmann) on Ph.D. General Examination.  Dissertation entitled Realism, Positivism, Functionalism and International Law under the supervision of Stanley Hoffmann.
 
Graduate Student Associate, Harvard University Center for International Affairs (1976-78) (elected to the Executive Committee for 1977-78).
 
TEACHING
 
Teaching Fellow, Harvard University Department of Government (1976-78) (international organizations, international law, international human rights).
 
Assistant Professor (1978‑81), Associate Professor with tenure (1981‑84), full Professor (from 1984), University of Illinois College of Law in Champaign; Professor, Unit of Criticism and Interpretive Theory (from 2010).
 
U.S. State Department, Scholar-Diplomat Program, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs (1981).
 
Lecturer, Nuclear Weapons and International Law, 21st Senior Conference on Nuclear Deterrence, U.S. Military Academy at West Point (1983).
 
Lecture Tour of Libya (1985).
 
Lecture Tour of the Soviet Union on Nuclear Weapons and International Law for the Lawyers' Committee on Nuclear Policy and the Association of Soviet Lawyers (1986).
 
Professor, U.S.S.R. Summer University for Jurists, Peoples= Friendship University, Moscow (1989).
 
Parhad Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada (2001).
 
Bertrand Russell Peace Lecturer, McMaster University, Canada (2007).

PRACTICE
 
Licensed to practice law in Massachusetts (from 1977), before the U.S. Tax Court (from 1977), the U. S. Supreme Court (from 1984), and in several other U.S. Federal Courts.
 
Attorney, Bingham, Dana, & Gould, in Boston (1977‑78) (primarily in international tax and tax).  See Hart v. U.S., 585 F.2d 1025 (Ct. Cl. 1978) (en banc); Globe v. U.S., 620 F.2d 841 (Ct. Cl. 1980).
 
Counsel, Concerned Academics for Peace and Justice in the Middle East (1984-86).
 
Attorney for Plaintiffs, Ali Aidi v. Yaron, 672 F. Supp. 516 (D.D.C. 1987) (Sabra-Shatilla Massacre).
 
Legal Adviser to the Palestine Liberation Organization (from 1987) and the Provisional Government of the State of Palestine (from 1988) on the creation of the State of Palestine, its accession to the Geneva Conventions and Protocols, invocation of the Uniting for Peace Resolution, admission to the United Nations Organization, accepting the I.C.C.’s jurisdiction, etc.
 
Author, Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989, Pub. L. No. 101-298 (1990) (adopted unanimously by both Houses of U.S. Congress and signed into law by President George Bush Sr.).
 
Counsel to Rep. Henry B. Gonzalez on H. Res. 34, 102d Cong., 1st Sess. (1991) (impeaching President George Bush Sr. for Gulf War I).
 
Legal Adviser to the Republic of Lithuania under President Vytautas Landsbergis (1991-92).
 
Legal Adviser to the Palestinian Delegation to the Middle East Peace Negotiations (1991-93).
 
Legal Adviser to the Syrian Delegation to the Middle East Peace Negotiations during their First Round in Washington, D.C. (1991).
 
Counsel to Libya, in Cases Concerning Questions of Interpretation And Application Of The 1971 Montreal Convention Arising From The Aerial Incident At Lockerbie (Libya v. United Kingdom) (Libya v. United States)See Orders of 14 April 1992, 1992 I.C.J. Rep. at 3 and 114, 31 Int'l L. Mats. 662 (1992).
 
Special Prosecutor, International Tribunal of Indigenous Peoples and Oppressed Nations in the U.S.A., San Francisco (1992).
 
Author, Chicago MacBride Principles on Northern Ireland Ordinance (adopted unanimously by Chicago City Council on Feb. 10, 1993).

General Agent for the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina with Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Powers before the International Court of Justice by appointment of President Alija Izetbegovic (March 19, 1993 to January 12, 1994).  I won two World Court Orders overwhelmingly in favor of Bosnia against the rump Yugoslavia to cease and desist from violating the 1948 Genocide Convention.  See Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)), Order of Provisional Measures of 8 April 1993, 1993 I.C.J. Rep. at 3; and Order of Provisional Measures of 13 September 1993, 1993 I.C.J. Rep. at 325.  President Izetbegovic then instructed me to institute legal proceedings before the International Court of Justice against the United Kingdom for violating the 1948 Genocide Convention and the 1965 Racial Discrimination Convention in order to break the genocidal arms embargo against Bosnia as well as to stop the genocidal carve-up of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the so-called European Union Action Plan.  See Statement of Intention by the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Institute Legal Proceedings Against the United Kingdom before the International Court of Justice (15 November 1993), U.N. Doc. A/48/659-S/26806, 47 U.N.Y.B. 465 (1993).  This lawsuit was terminated under duress.
 
Lawyer for President Alija Izetbegovic, Foreign Minister (later Prime Minister, then President) Haris Silajdzic, and all the Members of the collective Bosnian Presidency, as well as the Leaders of the Bosnian Opposition Parties, during the Owen-Stoltenberg Negotiations in Geneva (1993).  There I disrupted the Owen-Stoltenberg Plan to carve-up the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina into three pieces, destroy Bosnia's Statehood, rob Bosnia of its Membership in the United Nations Organization, and subject 1.5 to 2 million more Bosnians to "ethnic cleansing."  President Izetbegovic then instructed me to draft and negotiate the Bosnian counter-offer to Owen-Stoltenberg.
 
Consultant on Independence, Hawaiian Sovereignty Advisory Commission, State of Hawaii (1993).
 
On 12 May 1997 in a ceremony at the Bosnian Presidency in Sarajevo, President Alija Izetbegovic and Vice President Ejup Ganic awarded me a valid Bosnian Diplomatic Passport and Visa as well as a Decoration for my services to the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Serbian war of extermination against them.
 
On 17 May 2000 President Aslan Maskhadov appointed me  the Attorney of Record for the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria with Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Powers in order to conduct  their legal affairs. Acting pursuant to his instructions, on 1 August 2000 I sued the Russian Federation at the International Court of Justice for violating the 1948 Genocide Convention.  On 14 February 2004 the Chechen Foreign Minister Ilyas Akhmadov appointed me their Ambassador to Norway with instructions to open peace negotiations with the Russian Federation.